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Memphis

Memphis is located near the village of Mit Ruhaynah in Giza, Cairo. Founded in 2925 BC by King Menes, it was both a city and the capital of Ancient Egypt until 2060 BC. The city is surrounded closely by cemeteries and necropolises of Memphis where the great pyramids of Egypt are located. One of the most important buildings in this ancient city was the temple of Ptah - a local god associated with craftsmen and artisans.

The city has barely survived until recent times. At the beginning of the 20th century its ruins were visible but later on they disappeared and the only remaining elements of the city are the large statue of Ramses II (35 ft ) and the alabaster Sphinx.