The Great Sphinx, for centuries, was a great enigma for Egyptologists and many researchers. Some say that the construction of the Sphinx was finished by the 4th Dynasty of Pharaoh Khafre, however according to some other researchers, the Sphinx may be older than the suggested date.
Carved from the bedrock, featuring the body of a lion and the head of a human, the Sphinx is the largest statue in the world due to its enormous size - it is 73 metres long and 20 metres high.
To this day it is not clear who built the Sphinx and why it was built. In the ancient times, the Sphinx was a symbol of kingship in the New Kingdom therefore many Pharaohs like Amenhotep II or Ramses II built temples around the Sphinx.
The statues missing nose is another enigma for many. Some sources suggest the Sphinx lost its nose during Napoleon’s arrival to Egypt. However, paintings from 18th century prove that the nose was already missing this. Other source’s say it was shot off during the Turks invasion.
As time passed by, the Sphinx was partially buried by the sand, only to be rediscovered in 1905.