The Karnak Temple Complex is located on the East bank of the River Nile in Luxor and includes 250 acres of temples, chapels, obelisks, columns and statues built over a period of 2,000 years and incorporating the finest aspects of Egyptian art and architecture. Its construction stretched from the reign of Senusret I in the Middle Kingdom and continued through the Ptolemaic period. The complex served as the main place of worship of the god Amun.
Itis made of four parts: the Precinct of Amun-Ra, the Precinct of Mut, the Precinct of Montu and the Temple of Amenhotep IV.
What makes the temple complex more outstanding than other such temples in Egpyt is the length of time taken for its construction. No less than thirty Pharaohs contributed to the building of the complex which resulted in its size and diversity. The number of features found in the construction of the complex is simply overwhelming.
The area of Karnak which always brings visitors is the Hypostyle Hall in the Precinct of Amun-Ra. It covers an area of 50,000 sq ft and there are 134 massive columns arranged in 16 rows. Each column weighs approximately 70 tons and what is really amazing is the technique used to lift them as this process required lots of balance and time.