Egypt Oasis

Ancient Egyptian civilization began and ended in the Nile Valley and Delta, a region known as "black earth" because of the color of the rich deposits from the river. Downstream from the river lay the "red earth," or desert, which had a practical and mystical significance.

East of the Nile, there was a wealth of minerals and the routes led to the coast of the Red Sea. To the west of the river lay the kingdom of Osiris, lord of the dead. The dead were said to "go west" to meet him.
Once it became known that there were human settlements, the Egyptian rulers had to recognize the oases of the Western Desert as a source of exotic goods and potential locations for invaders. Although oases have been associated with the Nile Valley civilization since antiquity, they have always been very different in what they offer. This is still the case today. 

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