Most of the Egyptian land was a hot dry desert in Ancient times. However, every year from June to September, the great River Nile flooded into the dry fields. The water was very rich in minerals, which spread wide along the river banks. When the flooding stopped, the vegetation period lasted from October to February. Farmers then plowed the soil, planted seeds, and maintained irrigation through the ditches and channels.
The channel system was developed due to the low rainfall, prompting Egyptian farmers to rely on the River Nile for their water. The area where the soil was planted in the valley during the spill was to some degree equalized, and The irrigation channels formed a series of pools, dividing the land into terraces, descending towards the River Nile.
Oxen and wooden plows were used to plow the ground. Between March and May the crops were harvested. The main crops that were grown, were cereals. The farmers were also breeding goats, sheep, ducks and geese, they even bred bees to produce honey.
Young boys earned money as scarecrows. They drove the birds away by shouting loudly loudly.In Ancient Egypt they grew barley for beer and grapes for wine. Dates, figs, melons, cucumbers, onions, tomatoes and lettuce grew well in the rich soil. Wheat was also grown to bake bread.