Nile River, Arabic Baḥr Al-Nīl or Nahr Al-Nīl, is the longest river in the world and is called the father of African rivers. It rises south of the Equator and flows northward through northeastern Africa to drain into the Mediterranean Sea. It has a length of about 4,132 miles.
The Nile is formed by three principal streams: the Blue Nile (Arabic: Al-Baḥr Al-Azraq), the Atbara (Arabic: Nahr ʿAṭbarah), which flow from the highlands of Ethiopia, and the White Nile (Arabic: Al-Baḥr Al-Abyad), the headstreams of which flow into Lakes Victoria and Albert.
The Nile flows from the south, northward which was an unsolved mystery to the ancient Egyptians and Greeks. Also, a mystery is that it floods at the warmest time of the year.
The availability of water from the Nile throughout the year, combined with the area’s high temperatures, makes it possible to cultivate many crops at all times.
The Nile River is the primary water resource and a lifeline for Egypt. Egyptians depend on the river to acquire fresh water to use for various purposes such as drinking, cooking, cleaning and other household uses.
The river is an important source of fish and you will see fishermen every day along the river. It is also a vital waterway for transport as it passes through the country, from south to north Egypt. Since the construction of the High Dam, the Nile River is an important source for generating electricity to Egypt.
The Nile remains the lifeblood of the countries through which it flows. Farmers produce a wide variety of crops, including citrus fruits, cotton, wheat, sugarcane and legumes.
More than 95 percent of Egypt's population lives on the banks of the Nile, despite the fact that the area makes up only 5 percent of Egypt's land mass. As such, the Nile River Valley is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, boasting an average of 3,820 people per square mile
The Nile River has been depicted repeatedly in television programs and major motion pictures, including ‘The Jewel of the Nile’ (1985) and ‘The Simpsons.’ The River Nile inspired Agatha Christie to write her novel ‘Death on the Nile.’ The mystique of the Nile River continues to capture the world's imagination.