Things to Do in Alexandria, Egypt - Culture, Cuisine, and Cleopatra!

Things to Do in Alexandria, Egypt - Culture, Cuisine, and Cleopatra!

Things to Do in Alexandria, Egypt - From Food to Culture

Located on the Mediterranean coast, Alexandria is a vibrant ancient city in Egypt known for its rich history, stunning architecture, and delicious cuisine. As the second-largest city in Egypt, Alexandria offers a wide range of activities and attractions for visitors to enjoy. There are lots of things to do in Alexandria: from exploring ancient ruins to indulging in mouthwatering seafood, the city has something for everyone. Whether you're a history enthusiast, a foodie, or an art lover, Alexandria captivates with its unique blend of past and present. In this guide, we will highlight some of the top things to do in Alexandria, and what to see in Alexandria, Egypt encompassing both its culinary delights and cultural treasures.

Since Time Immemorial: Alexandria's Historical Sites and Heritage

Alexandria, Egypt, is a city steeped in history and renowned for its rich cultural heritage. From ancient times to the present day, Alexandria's historical sites have played a significant role in shaping the city's identity. The city's diverse cultural influences, and its pivotal role as a center of knowledge and trade have left behind a wealth of archaeological treasures and architectural wonders. Exploring Alexandria is like stepping back in time and experiencing the layers of history that have shaped this remarkable city.

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What to See in Alexandria, Egypt?

Bibliotheca Alexandrina

When visiting Alexandria, Egypt, one of the must-see attractions is the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, also known as the Library of Alexandria. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is a modern library and cultural center built to commemorate the ancient Library of Alexandria, which was one of the largest and most significant libraries in the ancient world. The modern library is a stunning architectural masterpiece and a symbol of Alexandria's intellectual and cultural heritage. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina hosts a variety of exhibitions throughout the year, showcasing a wide range of topics, including: art, history, science, and culture. The exhibits provide visitors with an opportunity to explore different aspects of human knowledge, and creativity. Inside the library, you'll find the Manuscript Museum, which houses a collection of ancient manuscripts and rare books. The museum offers a fascinating glimpse into Egypt's rich literary and historical heritage. The library complex also features a planetarium and science center, where visitors can learn about astronomy, space exploration, and scientific advancements. The planetarium offers immersive shows that provide a captivating experience for both children and adults. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina serves as a hub for intellectual and cultural exchange. It hosts various conferences, seminars, and workshops that cover a wide range of topics, including arts, sciences, and humanities. Check the schedule on their website to see if any events align with your visit. The library overlooks the Mediterranean Sea, so take a leisurely stroll through the landscaped grounds, and find a peaceful spot to relax, enjoying the scenic views The Bibliotheca Alexandrina also houses an extensive digital library that provides online access to a vast collection of books, journals, and multimedia resources. Visitors can explore this digital repository of knowledge and access a wealth of information. Visiting the Bibliotheca Alexandrina is not only a chance to explore its impressive architecture and collections but also an opportunity to engage with the rich intellectual and cultural heritage of Alexandria.

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Interior of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Alexandria National Museum

The Alexandria National Museum is a must-visit attraction and one of the many things to do in Alexandria. The museum is located in a restored Italian-style palace called the Al-Saad Bassili Pasha Palace, situated on Tariq Al-Horreya Street, in the heart of Alexandria. The museum houses a vast collection of artifacts that showcase the rich history and cultural heritage of Alexandria. The exhibits are spread over three floors and cover various periods, including Pharaonic, Greco-Roman, Coptic, and Islamic eras. The collections include statues, jewelry, pottery, coins, and much more. Some of the notable highlights of the museum include the Tanagra collection, which features terracotta figurines from the Hellenistic period, the statues of rulers such as Augustus Caesar and Cleopatra VII, and the famous mummy room that displays well-preserved mummies from different time periods. The amount of time you should plan for visiting the Alexandria National Museum depends on your level of interest and the time you have available for Alexandria sightseeing. A thorough visit to the museum could take around 2 to 3 hours, but if you're a history enthusiast, you might want to allocate more time to explore the exhibits in detail.
The Alexandria National Museum offers a fascinating journey through the history of Alexandria, from its ancient Egyptian beginnings to its Hellenistic, Roman, and Islamic periods. The museum provides valuable insights into the city's cultural, artistic, and historical heritage. It's a great opportunity to learn about the diverse civilizations that have shaped Alexandria and gain a deeper understanding of its significance in the ancient world. Additionally, the museum's location in the Al-Saad Bassili Pasha Palace adds to its charm, as visitors can appreciate the beautiful architecture and design of the royal palaces. The Alexandria National Museum is a treasure trove of history and a must-visit for anyone interested in ancient civilizations and the heritage of historical sites in Alexandria, Egypt.

The sight of mythical Medusa.Mosaic from the Ptolemaic period can be seen in the National Museum of Alexandria.

Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqqafa

The Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqqafa are a fantastic historical site to visit on your list of things to do in Alexandria, Egypt. The Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqqafa are a necropolis, or underground burial complex, located in the ancient city of Alexandria. They date back to the 2nd century AD, and are considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. The catacombs were accidentally discovered in 1900 when a donkey fell into a hidden entrance. When you visit the catacombs, you'll explore a labyrinthine network of burial chambers and halls. The site consists of three levels, with the uppermost level being the most recent. The catacombs were primarily used by the Romans, who adopted a blend of Egyptian and Greco-Roman burial customs. One of the most impressive features of the Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqqafa is the central Hall of Caracalla. This large circular chamber has a beautiful ceiling with reliefs depicting the zodiac signs. It was likely used for funerary banquets and gatherings. You'll also find numerous individual burial chambers decorated with intricate reliefs and sculptures. Some chambers have niches for bodies, while others contain sarcophagi and stone coffins. The catacombs were designed to accommodate both traditional burials and cremations. Exploring the catacombs provides a unique glimpse into the blending of different cultures and burial practices in ancient Alexandria. It's a fascinating historical and archaeological site that showcases the rich history of this ancient city.

Fragment of the decoration of the Roman sarcophagus from the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa in Alexandria.

Pompey's Pillar

A visit to Pompey's Pillar is indeed one of the notable things to do in Alexandria, while visiting this ancient city. Pompey's Pillar is located in the Kom El Dekka area of Alexandria, near the ancient Serapeum of Alexandria and the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa. Pompey's Pillar is a massive column made of red granite, standing at a height of approximately 27 meters (88 feet) and weighing around 285 tons. It is a single piece of stone and is one of the largest ancient monolithic columns ever erected. The column has a diameter of about 2.7 meters (9 feet) at its base, and it tapers slightly towards the top. Contrary to its name, Pompey's Pillar has no direct connection to the Roman general Pompey. It was actually built in honor of the Roman Emperor Diocletian in the 4th century AD, as indicated by an inscription found at the base of the pillar. The pillar was originally part of a massive temple complex known as the Serapeum, which was dedicated to the god Serapis. The Serapeum was once a prominent religious and cultural center in Alexandria, housing numerous statues, libraries, and religious artifacts. However, the temple complex was destroyed over time, and Pompey's Pillar stands as one of the few remaining structures from that era. Pompey's Pillar is one of the tourist sites in Alexandria, Egypt, that is worth visiting on an Alexandria sightseeing tour for several reasons. Firstly, it is a remarkable architectural feat, showcasing the engineering skills of the ancient Egyptians. The sheer size and scale of the column are awe-inspiring. Secondly, the pillar serves as a tangible link to Alexandria's rich history. It provides a glimpse into the city's past as a thriving center of ancient civilization and showcases the influences of different cultures that shaped the region. Lastly, the site offers visitors the opportunity to explore the surrounding area, including the ruins of the Serapeum and the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, which are fascinating historical sites in their own right. Pompey's Pillar is a popular tourist attraction in Alexandria, offering an intriguing mix of ancient history, architectural marvel, and cultural significance.

Fort Qaitbey

Fort Qaitbey, also known as the Citadel of Qaitbay, is a historic fortress located on the eastern harbor of Alexandria, Egypt. Fort Qaitbey is situated on the eastern point of Pharos Island, where the ancient Lighthouse of Alexandria once stood. This strategic location offers panoramic views of the Mediterranean Sea and the city of Alexandria. The fort was built in the 15th century (1477-1480 AD), by Sultan Qaitbey, a Mamluk sultan of Egypt, using the remains of the ruined Pharos Lighthouse. The lighthouse was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but it was severely damaged by earthquakes. Fort Qaitbey played a crucial role in defending Alexandria from naval attacks during the Ottoman period. It was designed as a defensive fortress to protect the city and its important harbor. The fort's strategic location allowed it to control access to the harbor and provide early warning against potential threats. The fort showcases a blend of Mamluk, Ottoman, and European architectural styles, and it consists of defensive walls, towers, and courtyards. The main entrance features a massive wooden door with intricate designs. Inside, visitors can explore various chambers, including a mosque, a cistern, and a small naval museum. The naval museum within Fort Qaitbey displays a collection of artifacts related to Alexandria's maritime history. Visitors can see models of ancient ships, naval weapons, maps, and navigational instruments. It offers insights into Egypt's naval prowess and its seafaring heritage. One of the highlights of visiting Fort Qaitbey is the breathtaking view it offers. From the top of the fort's towers, you can enjoy panoramic vistas of the Mediterranean Sea, the Alexandria coastline, and the bustling city below. It's a great spot for photography and taking in the beauty of the surroundings. Exploring Fort Qaitbey gives visitors a sense of stepping back in time. The fortress has witnessed centuries of history, and its well-preserved architecture and artifacts transport you to the era of sultans, naval battles, and ancient wonders. Fort Qaitbey is worth visiting in Alexandria due to its historical significance, architectural beauty, and stunning views of the ancient city. It provides a glimpse into Egypt's past and is a testament to the city's rich cultural and maritime heritage.

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Montazah Gardens

When visiting the ancient city of Alexandria, Egypt, Montazah Gardens is definitely one of the top things to do in Alexandria. Montazah Gardens is located in the eastern part of Alexandria, on the Mediterranean coast. It spans an area of about 150 acres. The gardens were originally part of the Montazah Palace, which was built in the late 19th century as a summer residence for the Egyptian royal family. It was later transformed into a public park. Montazah Gardens are famous for their stunning landscapes, lush greenery, and colorful flowers. You can stroll through the well-manicured lawns, palm trees, and various plant species. While the palace itself is not open to the public, you can still admire its beautiful architecture from the outside. The palace combines Ottoman and Florentine architectural styles and is situated at the edge of the gardens, overlooking the Mediterranean sea. Montazah Gardens also have several sandy beaches where visitors can relax, swim, or enjoy water sports. The beaches offer a picturesque view of the Mediterranean Sea and are a popular spot for locals and tourists alike. Within the Montazah Gardens complex, you'll find a variety of restaurants and cafes where you can enjoy a meal or have a refreshing drink. Some of these establishments offer stunning views of the gardens and the sea. If you enjoy outdoor activities, the Montazah Gardens offer walking and hiking trails that allow you to explore the natural beauty of the area. The trails wind through the gardens and provide a peaceful and tranquil atmosphere. When deciding what to see in Alexandria, Egypt; if you are interested in entertainment and gambling, there is a casino located within the Montazah Gardens complex. The casino offers various gaming options and is a popular destination for visitors looking for some excitement as part of their Alexandria sightseeing tour. Montazah Gardens in Alexandria, Egypt, offer a combination of natural beauty, historical significance, and recreational activities. It's a perfect place to relax, enjoy nature, and soak up the coastal atmosphere while exploring the ancient city.

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Ras el-Tin Palace

Ras el-Tin Palace is a prominent historical site located in Alexandria, Egypt and is one of the popular things to do in Alexandria. Ras el-Tin Palace is situated on the eastern tip of Pharos Island, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. It occupies a strategic location near the ancient site of the Pharos Lighthouse, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The palace has a rich history dating back to the time of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, which ruled Egypt from the early 19th century to the mid-20th century. It was initially built as a summer residence for the Ottoman rulers and later became the preferred residence for the Egyptian royal family during the summer months. Ras el-Tin Palace exhibits a unique blend of architectural styles, combining Ottoman, Florentine, and French influences. The royal palace's design features beautiful gardens, elegant courtyards, and a majestic facade. Its interior is adorned with luxurious furnishings, intricate woodwork, and exquisite art pieces. Today, Ras el-Tin Palace serves as an official residence for the President of Egypt. While access to the palace itself may be restricted, tourists can visit the surrounding area, enjoy the stunning views of the Mediterranean Sea, and explore the nearby Ras el-Tin Naval Base. Ras el-Tin Palace holds historical and cultural significance, making it a must-see attraction for tourists visiting the ancient city on an Alexandria sightseeing tour. Its connection to Egyptian royalty and its picturesque location by the sea make it an intriguing destination. Even if you cannot visit the royal palace's interior, the exterior and its surroundings offer a glimpse into Egypt's rich architectural heritage and provide an opportunity for scenic walks and photography.

Stanley Bridge

Stanley Bridge, also known as the Stanley Bay Bridge, is a popular site located in the ancient city of Alexandria, Egypt. It is a modern architectural marvel that is situated in the eastern part of Alexandria, spanning across the Mediterranean Sea. It connects the neighborhood of Stanley to the Corniche Road on the mainland. The bridge features a contemporary design with a striking appearance. It is an impressive cable-stayed bridge, characterized by its large pylons and cables that support the deck. The bridge's sleek structure and modern aesthetic make it an intriguing sight for architecture enthusiasts. One of the main reasons tourists should visit Stanley Bridge when joining an Alexandria sightseeing tour, is for the breathtaking views it offers. Walking or driving across the bridge provides panoramic vistas of the Mediterranean Sea, the city's coastline, and the bustling harbor. It is especially captivating during sunset when the sky is painted with vibrant colors. With its stunning backdrop, Stanley Bridge presents fantastic opportunities for photography. The combination of the bridge's unique design, the sea, and the cityscape creates a visually appealing composition that photographers will appreciate. Stanley Bridge is not just a means of transportation; it also serves as a recreational space. The bridge features pedestrian walkways and designated areas for cycling, making it an ideal spot for a leisurely stroll or bike ride. Visitors can enjoy the refreshing sea breeze and take in the lively atmosphere of the city. Stanley Bridge is a must-visit attraction for tourists when deciding what to see in Alexandria, Egypt. Its striking architecture, stunning views, and recreational opportunities make it a memorable experience for visitors exploring the ancient city.

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Alexandria Corniche

When visiting the ancient city of Alexandria, Egypt, there are several attractions and places of interest to explore. One of the most popular and iconic areas to visit on your Alexandria sightseeing tour is the Alexandria Corniche. The Corniche is a waterfront promenade that stretches along the Mediterranean Sea, offering stunning views and a vibrant atmosphere. Take a stroll along Alexandria's Corniche, a scenic waterfront promenade stretching several kilometers. Enjoy the beautiful views of the Mediterranean Sea, visit local cafes and restaurants, and experience the lively atmosphere of the city. Along the Corniche there are several important Alexandria, Egypt attractions worth seeing and visiting. These are Qaitbay Citadel, Montaza Palace, Alexandria National Museum, Stanley Bridge, and Alexandria Opera House. The Alexandria Corniche is lined with several public and private beaches where you can relax, swim, and enjoy the Mediterranean waters. Some popular beaches include Maamoura Beach, Aida Beach, and Sporting Beach. The Corniche is dotted with numerous cafes and restaurants where you can indulge in delicious Egyptian cuisine or enjoy a cup of coffee while taking in the beautiful sea views.

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El Alamein War Memorials

El Alamein War Memorials are located near Alexandria, Egypt, specifically in the town of El Alamein, which is approximately 106 kilometers west of Alexandria. The memorials are situated along the Mediterranean coast as during World War II, the Battle of El Alamein took place in this region. It was a significant confrontation between the Allied forces, led by the British Eighth Army, and the Axis forces, led by the German Afrika Korps. The battle occurred in two phases: the first battle was fought from July to August 1942, and the second battle took place in October to November 1942. The Allied victory in the Battle of El Alamein marked a turning point in the war in North Africa, leading to the eventual defeat of the Axis forces in the region. 

"Before Alamein we never had a victory. After Alamein, we never had a defeat.” Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister, said that after one of the most decisive battles of the Second World War took place here, in Egypt. 

The El Alamein War Memorials were built to commemorate the soldiers who lost their lives during the battles. The memorials consist of cemeteries and museums that provide a poignant reminder of the sacrifices made during the war. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission maintains the Commonwealth War Cemetery, which contains the graves of soldiers from various Commonwealth nations. The German War Cemetery, managed by the German War Graves Commission, is the resting place for German soldiers who died in the battle. Visiting the El Alamein War Memorials is significant for several reasons. Firstly, it allows tourists to pay their respects to the soldiers who fought and died during the Battle of El Alamein, recognizing their bravery and sacrifice. It serves as a powerful reminder of the human cost of war. Secondly, the memorials provide an opportunity to learn about the history and significance of the battle. The museums at the site display artifacts, photographs, and documents that shed light on the events that took place during the battle. Visitors can gain a deeper understanding of the strategies employed by the opposing forces and the impact of the battle on the outcome of World War II when visiting the historical sites in Alexandria, Egypt. Also, the El Alamein War Memorials offer beautiful and serene surroundings, allowing moments of reflection. The cemeteries are well-maintained, with carefully tended gardens and immaculate gravestones. The location along the Mediterranean coast provides stunning views and a peaceful atmosphere. When visiting tourist sites in Alexandria, Egypt you should consider visiting the El Alamein War Memorials to pay your respects to fallen soldiers, learn about the historical significance of the Battle of El Alamein, and experience the serene and beautiful surroundings. It is a place of remembrance and reflection that offers a deeper understanding of the sacrifices made during World War II.

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The Royal Jewelry Museum in Alexandria

The Royal Jewelry Museum in Alexandria, Egypt is a fascinating attraction that showcases a remarkable collection of jewelry and luxury items from Egypt's royal families. The Royal Jewelry Museum is situated in the Zizenia neighborhood of Alexandria, near the Montaza Palace and the Montaza Gardens. The museum houses an extensive collection of jewelry, precious stones, and personal belongings of the royal family. The items on display represent various eras, including the Mohamed Ali Dynasty, the reign of King Farouk, and the last royal family of Egypt. The Royal Jewelry Museum is renowned for its dazzling and opulent displays. Some of its most notable attractions include:
King Farouk's Crown: One of the highlights of the museum is the crown worn by King Farouk, the last reigning monarch of Egypt. This elaborate piece is adorned with precious gemstones and is a symbol of the country's rich history.
Queen Farida's Jewelry: Queen Farida, the first wife of King Farouk, had an extensive collection of exquisite jewelry. Visitors can admire her stunning necklaces, bracelets, earrings, and tiaras, which are beautifully displayed.
Royal Family's Personal Belongings: The museum also showcases personal items that belonged to the royal family, such as watches, cigarette cases, and accessories.
These items provide a glimpse into the lifestyle and tastes of Egypt's former rulers. The Royal Jewelry Museum offers a unique opportunity to explore Egypt's royal heritage and witness the magnificence of the country's regal past. The museum provides a window into Egypt's royal history, allowing visitors to learn about the lives and legacies of the country's monarchs. The collection of jewelry on display is truly breathtaking and it offers an insight into the opulence and grandeur that characterized the royal court, that is normally only found in the royal palaces. Visitors can marvel at the craftsmanship and marvelously intricate designs of the pieces, many of which are adorned with precious gemstones. The museum offers a cultural experience that goes beyond the typical tourist sites in Alexandria. It provides a deeper understanding of Egypt's rich heritage and the influence of its royal families on the country's identity. The Royal Jewelry Museum is housed in a former palace, which adds to the charm of the visit. The building itself is an architectural gem, and its location near the Montaza Gardens allows visitors to enjoy the surrounding natural beauty of Alexandria, Egypt attractions. Visiting the Royal Jewelry Museum in Alexandria is a unique opportunity to immerse oneself in Egypt's royal history, admire stunning jewelry, and gain a deeper appreciation for the country's cultural heritage.

Abu Abbas al-Mursi Mosque

Abu Abbas al-Mursi Mosque is a significant religious and architectural landmark located in the ancient city of Alexandria, Egypt. Abu Abbas al-Mursi Mosque is situated in the Anfoushi neighborhood of Alexandria, on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt. It is located near the waterfront, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea and offering beautiful views. The mosque is named after the Andalusian Sufi saint, Abu Abbas al-Mursi, who lived in the 13th century. The original mosque was built in the 13th century, but it underwent several renovations and expansions over the centuries. The current structure was built during the 18th century. The mosque features a blend of Islamic and Mediterranean architectural styles and is one of the popular historical sites in Alexandria, Egypt. It has a simple yet elegant design, characterized by white stone walls, domes, and minarets. The main prayer hall has a large central dome with smaller domes and arches surrounding it. The interior is adorned with intricate woodwork, calligraphy, and decorative tile patterns. The minaret of the mosque offers panoramic views of the city and the Mediterranean sea. Abu Abbas al-Mursi Mosque is not only a place of worship but also a symbol of Alexandria's rich Islamic heritage. It holds historical and cultural significance for both locals and visitors. The mosque's graceful design and exquisite craftsmanship make it a visual delight for architecture enthusiasts. The blend of Islamic and Mediterranean styles adds to its unique appeal and a visit to the mosque is one of the top things to do in Alexandria. Visitors can witness the mosque's serene atmosphere and observe the devotion of worshippers. It offers an opportunity to learn about Sufism, a mystical Islamic tradition. The mosque's location near the waterfront provides a picturesque setting. Visitors can enjoy the calming views of the Mediterranean Sea and the vibrant surroundings. Tourists can interact with locals, learn about Islamic customs and traditions, and gain insights into the local way of life. Abu Abbas al-Mursi Mosque offers a combination of architectural beauty, cultural significance, and a tranquil atmosphere, making it a must-visit attraction when on an Alexandria sightseeing tour.

Sidi Morsi Abu al-Abbas Mosque in Alexandria, Egypt

Kom el-Dikka

Kom el-Dikka, also known as the Roman Amphitheatre of Alexandria, is a significant archaeological site located in the heart of Alexandria, Egypt. It is one of the must-visit things to do in Alexandria for history enthusiasts and tourists alike. Kom el-Dikka is situated in the Anfushi neighborhood, near the Alexandria National Museum and the Bibliotheca Alexandrina. The historical sites in Alexandria, Egypt of Kom el-Dikka encompasses a vast complex of ancient ruins dating back to the Roman period. The most prominent feature of the site is the well-preserved Roman amphitheater, which was discovered in 1960 during excavation works. The amphitheater could accommodate approximately 800 spectators and could be exploited for various performances, including theatrical plays and gladiatorial contests. In addition to the amphitheater, the site also includes the remains of a small Roman bath complex, a residential area with well-preserved mosaic floors, and the Villa of the Birds, an ancient villa named after its avian-themed mosaic decorations. 
 
At the beginning of the 21st century, this archaeological site was re-examined by archaeologists who concluded that the main structure of the site was not an amphitheater, but an Auditorium Maximum and that there was an ancient university.
 
Kom el-Dikka flourished during the Roman period when Alexandria was an important center of culture and learning. The site's construction is believed to have started during the reign of Emperor Augustus in the 1st century AD and continued to be used and modified until the 4th century AD. The significance of Kom el-Dikka lies in its well-preserved architectural features and artifacts, which provide valuable insights into the daily life, entertainment, and cultural practices of the Roman period in Alexandria. The excavation and ongoing restoration of the historical sites in Alexandria, Egypt have revealed a wealth of Roman-era artifacts, including statues, pottery, jewelry, and coins. Kom el-Dikka offers visitors a unique opportunity to explore and experience the ancient Roman history of Alexandria. The site showcases impressive architectural remains, intricate mosaic floors, and the grandeur of the Roman Auditorium Maximum. It allows visitors to gain a deeper understanding of the cultural and social life of the city during that era. Visiting Kom el-Dikka provides a glimpse into the rich heritage of Alexandria and adds a historical dimension to an Alexandria sightseeing tour, allowing exploration of the city's modern attractions and vibrant atmosphere.

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The Cavafy Museum

The Cavafy Museum in Alexandria, Egypt is a must-visit destination that should be added to your list of things to do in Alexandria, especially if you're a literature enthusiast and for those interested in the life and works of the renowned Greek poet, Constantine P. Cavafy. The Cavafy Museum is situated in the historic neighborhood of Shatby in the ancient city of Alexandria, Egypt. It is located in the house where Cavafy lived from 1872 until his death in 1933. The museum houses a collection of artifacts and memorabilia related to Cavafy's life and literary career. Visitors can explore various rooms, each offering a unique glimpse into the poet's world. The displays include original manuscripts, personal belongings, photographs, letters, and first editions of his poems. Some of the most valuable exhibits in the Cavafy Museum include:
Manuscripts: The museum features a significant collection of Cavafy's handwritten manuscripts, providing insight into his writing process and the evolution of his poetry.
Personal belongings: Visitors can see personal items such as his desk, chair, clothing, and other objects that were part of Cavafy's daily life. These artifacts help create a deeper connection with the poet and his era.
Correspondence: The museum holds a collection of letters exchanged between Cavafy and other prominent literary figures of the time. These letters shed light on his relationships, his influences, and intellectual exchanges.

There are several reasons why tourists visiting Alexandria should consider a trip to the Cavafy Museum as part of their Alexandria sightseeing tour:
Cultural significance: Constantine P. Cavafy is considered one of the most influential Greek poets of the 20th century. Exploring the museum allows visitors to immerse themselves in his literary world and gain a deeper understanding of his works.
Historical context: Cavafy's poetry often reflects the historical and cultural context of Alexandria during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The museum provides a valuable insight into the city's past and its vibrant intellectual and artistic scene.
Insight into lifestyle: The Cavafy Museum offers an intimate and personal experience, allowing visitors to connect with the poet on a deeper level. The exhibits provide a glimpse into Cavafy's private life, inspirations, and the creative process behind his iconic poems.
Architectural charm: The museum is housed in the poet's former residence, which adds to its allure. The building itself is a beautiful example of early 20th-century architecture and offers a glimpse into the living environment of the time.
Visiting the Cavafy Museum in Alexandria, Egypt provides a unique opportunity to explore the life and works of this celebrated poet, offering a rich cultural and historical experience for literature enthusiasts and curious travelers alike.

Antiquities Museum

The Antiquities Museum located in the Bibliotheca Alexandrina features a diverse collection of artifacts from different periods of Egyptian history, and many historical sites in Alexandria, Egypt. The exhibits span from prehistoric times to the Islamic era, showcasing the historical significance of Alexandria as a vibrant center of civilization. One of the most valuable exhibits in the museum is the Royal Jewelry Collection. It displays exquisite jewelry pieces that once belonged to the ruling pharaohs and members of the royal family. Visitors can marvel at the intricate craftsmanship and the stunning gemstones used in these ancient treasures. The museum houses a collection of well-preserved mummies, providing a fascinating glimpse into ancient Egyptian burial practices and beliefs regarding the afterlife. You can observe the mummification process and learn about the rituals and customs associated with it. As Alexandria was a prominent city during the Hellenistic and Roman periods, the museum contains an impressive array of artifacts from these eras. Visitors can see statues, pottery, coins, mosaics, and other relics that shed light on the cultural exchange between ancient Egypt and the Mediterranean civilizations. The Antiquities Museum offers an educational experience for visitors of all ages. It provides detailed information about the artifacts on display, allowing you to learn about Egypt's rich history and its significance in shaping the world's cultural heritage. The museum employs modern technologies, such as audio guides and interactive displays, to enhance the educational experience of your Alexandria sightseeing tour.

Mamoura Beach

Mamoura Beach is one of the popular tourist sites in Alexandria, Egypt. It is situated in the eastern part of the ancient city, adjacent to the neighborhood of Mamoura. Mamoura Beach is easily accessible from the city center, making it convenient for tourists to reach. It is located just a few kilometers east of downtown Alexandria, and you can easily reach it by taxi, private car, or public transportation. Mamoura Beach offers a breathtaking natural beauty with its golden sand, crystal-clear blue waters, and picturesque views of the Mediterranean Sea. The beach stretches for several kilometers, providing ample space for visitors to relax, unwind, and enjoy the stunning coastal scenery. The calm and shallow waters of Mamoura Beach make it an ideal spot for swimming, especially for families with children. The beach has designated swimming areas marked by buoys, ensuring the safety of visitors. If you are an adventure enthusiast that craves an adrenaline rush, there are various water activities such as jet skiing, paddleboarding, and banana boat rides available at the beach. Mamoura Beach is well-equipped with several amenities to enhance visitors' experience. You'll find beach chairs, umbrellas, and kiosks where you can purchase snacks, refreshments, and beach essentials. The beach also offers clean public restrooms and showers, ensuring comfort for beachgoers. Adjacent to the beach, there is a lovely promenade that stretches along the coastline. Visitors can take leisurely walks, jog, or cycle while enjoying the sea breeze and scenic views. The promenade is lined with well-maintained gardens, providing a serene and relaxing atmosphere. Mamoura Beach boasts a variety of cafes and restaurants where visitors can indulge in delicious local cuisine, seafood specialties, and international dishes. Many of these establishments offer outdoor seating with panoramic views of the beach, making it a perfect spot to enjoy a meal or a cup of coffee. Mamoura Beach is known for its family-friendly environment and a visit is one of the popular things to do in Alexandria. The beach attracts both locals and tourists, and you'll often find families enjoying picnics, playing beach games, and building sandcastles. The beach provides a safe and enjoyable space for children to have fun and for parents to relax. Mamoura Beach in Alexandria offers a combination of natural beauty, recreational activities, and amenities that make it an excellent choice for tourists. Whether you're seeking relaxation, water sports, or a pleasant coastal experience, spending time at Mamoura Beach is a must when visiting Alexandria and deciding what to see in Alexandria, Egypt.

Cleopatra's Palace

The underwater ruins of Cleopatra's Palace in Alexandria are a fascinating historical site located off the coast of the ancient city of Alexandria, Egypt. These ruins are believed to be the remains of a grand palace complex that once belonged to Cleopatra, the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom. The ruins lie in the eastern harbor of Alexandria. Over the centuries, earthquakes and tidal waves have caused parts of the city to sink beneath the Mediterranean Sea, including the palace complex. While diving in the waters off Alexandria, divers can explore the underwater ruins and witness the remnants of this ancient palace. The site is known for its impressive architectural features, including towering columns, statues, and other structures. Some of the artifacts that have been discovered include sphinxes, statues of Egyptian gods and goddesses, and fragments of ancient pottery. The underwater ruins of Cleopatra's Palace offer a unique opportunity for divers to experience a blend of history and natural beauty. Diving enthusiasts who can explore this site can immerse themselves in the ancient world and gain a deeper understanding of the grandeur of Cleopatra's reign. The experience of swimming among the submerged ruins of the royal palaces provides a sense of awe and wonder, connecting divers to a rich historical past. It's worth noting that diving at Cleopatra's Palace requires proper certification and experience, as the site is located at a depth that may not be suitable for novice divers. Therefore, only experienced divers should attempt to explore these underwater ruins. The underwater ruins of Cleopatra's Palace in Alexandria provide a captivating opportunity for divers to delve into the legendary history of Cleopatra and the ancient city of Alexandria. It's an experience that combines adventure, exploration, and a glimpse into the past, making it a must-see for diving enthusiasts with an interest in archaeology and ancient civilizations.

 Aboukir

Aboukir is now a district of Alexandria located on the Mediterranean coast. It is known for its historical significance and attractions that draw tourists visiting the ancient city of Alexandria. Aboukir is renowned for its connection to several significant events in Egyptian and world history. The Battle of Aboukir, also known as the Battle of the Nile, took place here in 1798 between the French and British forces. It marked a crucial turning point in the Napoleonic Wars and resulted in the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte's army, ultimately leading to the end of French occupation in Egypt. The city is situated on the eastern shore of Aboukir Bay, a stunning natural harbor with picturesque views of the Mediterranean Sea. The bay has played a vital role in maritime trade and naval history throughout the centuries. For those interested in naval history, the Aboukir Naval Museum is a must-visit on your list of things to do in Alexandria. Located within the Qaitbay Citadel, the museum showcases a collection of artifacts, models, and displays that highlight Egypt's maritime heritage. You can learn about the Battle of Aboukir, ancient shipbuilding techniques, and Egypt's naval prowess throughout history. Aboukir also offers some beautiful sandy beaches along the Mediterranean coast. Visitors can relax, soak up the sun, and enjoy various water activities such as swimming, snorkeling, and diving. The crystal-clear waters and pleasant climate make it an ideal spot for beach lovers. Aboukir provides a unique blend of historical significance, natural beauty, and cultural attractions to add to your Alexandria sightseeing tour. Its connection to pivotal historical events, along with its coastal charm and notable landmarks, make it a worthwhile destination for tourists visiting Alexandria Egypt attractions.

Hidden Gems: Off the Beaten Path in Alexandria, Egypt

If you're looking for hidden gems and off-the-beaten-path Alexandria, Egypt attractions, here are a few recommendations:
Abou El Sid: For a taste of local cuisine, visit Abou El Sid. This hidden gem is a traditional Egyptian restaurant located in Alexandria's central district. It serves delicious Egyptian dishes in an authentic setting, and the menu includes classics like koshari, molokhia, and stuffed pigeon.
Anfushi Fish Market: Get a glimpse of Alexandria's vibrant fishing culture by visiting the Anfushi Fish Market. Located near the Citadel of Qaitbay, this bustling market is filled with stalls selling a variety of fresh fish and seafood. You can witness the daily activities of local fishermen, interact with friendly vendors, and even sample some of the catch at nearby seafood restaurants.

Insider tips for a trip to Egypt

Cultural Insights: Festivals and Events in Alexandria

There are many things to do in Alexandria, Egypt. The ancient city, known as "The Pearl of the Mediterranean," has a rich cultural heritage and hosts a variety of festivals and events throughout the year. Here are some notable festivals and events in Alexandria, both modern and traditional:

Bibliotheca Alexandrina Summer Festival (August to September)
Held annually at the iconic Bibliotheca Alexandrina, this festival celebrates: arts, culture, and music. It features various performances, including music concerts, theater plays, film screenings, dance shows, and art exhibitions.

Alexandria International Film Festival (first half of November)
This film festival showcases a diverse range of international and Egyptian films. It attracts filmmakers, actors, and film enthusiasts from around the world and provides a platform for promoting the art of cinema.

Sham El-Nessim
This ancient Egyptian festival takes place on the Monday that follows the Coptic Easter. It is a day of celebration and marks the arrival of spring. Families gather in parks and outdoor spaces to have picnics, enjoy traditional food, and participate in activities like egg painting and kite flying.

Alexandria Mediterranean Countries Film Festival (beginning of October)
This festival focuses on films from the Mediterranean region, promoting cultural exchange and dialogue through cinema. It aims to highlight the diversity and richness of Mediterranean cinema.

The Bibliotheca Alexandrina International Book Fair (from the second week of July to almost the end of July)
Held annually, this book fair brings together publishers, authors, and book lovers from Egypt and around the world. It offers a wide selection of books, literary discussions, author signings, and cultural activities.

National Day of Alexandria
Celebrated on January 25th, this day commemorates the city's role in the Egyptian revolution of 1952. It includes various cultural events, parades, fireworks, and concerts to honor Alexandria's history and heritage.

Ramadan in Alexandria
During the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, Alexandria comes alive with vibrant street decorations, bustling markets, and special Ramadan tents (known as "Ramadan kheimas") where people gather to break their fast, enjoy traditional meals, and engage in social activities. Learn more about Egypt festivals and celebrations

Alexandria International Jazz Festival (turn of March and April)
This festival brings together renowned jazz musicians and artists from Egypt and around the world. It showcases different styles of jazz music and offers a series of concerts and performances.

These are just a few examples of the festivals and events that take place in Alexandria, giving you an idea of what to see in Alexandria, Egypt. The city's cultural scene is dynamic and diverse, offering something for everyone throughout the year.

Practical Tips for Navigating Alexandria

Navigating Alexandria, Egypt, can be an exciting experience. Here are some practical tips for getting around the city and visiting historical sites in Alexandria, Egypt, using public transportation, Uber/taxis, renting a car, or joining a tour:

Public Transportation (Buses and Trams)
The ancient city of Alexandria has an extensive public transportation network with buses and trams. Buses are the most common mode of public transportation. Buses in Alexandria can be crowded and confusing, especially if you don't speak Arabic. It's helpful to have a map or use a navigation app to track your route. Trams are another option for getting around the city. They operate on fixed routes and can be a convenient way to travel shorter distances.

Uber/Taxis
Uber operates in Alexandria, and it's a reliable and convenient way to get around. Download the Uber app on your mobile device and set up an account before arriving in the city. Taxis are also widely available in Alexandria. Make sure the taxi has a working meter, or agree on a price before starting the journey. It's helpful to have the address or destination written down in Arabic to show the driver.

Renting a Car
Renting a car in Alexandria can give you more flexibility and independence. However, traffic can be hectic, and driving in the city may be challenging for newcomers. Make sure you have an international driving permit and familiarize yourself with local traffic rules and regulations. It's advisable to rent a car from a reputable rental company and have comprehensive insurance coverage.

Joining a Tour
Joining an Alexandria sightseeing tour can be an excellent option if you prefer a hassle-free experience and want to explore Alexandria, Egypt attractions. Consider booking a guided Alexandria sightseeing tour, for example with Inside Egypt - a reputable Egypt travel agency, to make the most of your trip. Our Alexandria city tour includes transportation, and our knowledgeable guide can provide valuable insights and information about the city.

General Tips
Carry a map or use a reliable navigation app on your mobile device to help you navigate the city when visiting tourist sites in Alexandria, Egypt. Learn a few basic Arabic phrases or have a translation app handy to communicate with locals if needed. Be cautious with your belongings and use common sense to ensure your safety while using public transportation or taxis. Plan your itinerary in advance and consider the traffic conditions and distances between attractions to optimize your time when deciding things to do in Alexandria. Remember, Alexandria can be busy and crowded, so it's essential to remain patient and flexible while exploring the ancient city.

Insider tips for a trip to Egypt

Where to Stay in Alexandria

Alexandria, Egypt offers a variety of accommodation options, including luxury hotels, mid-range hotels, and Airbnbs. There are many options available and things to do in Alexandria. Here are some recommendations for each accommodation category:
Luxury Hotels (5-star)

  • Four Seasons Hotel Alexandria at San Stefano

This luxurious hotel offers stunning views of the Mediterranean Sea and features elegant rooms, multiple dining options, a spa, and a private beach.

  • Hilton Alexandria Corniche

Located on the Corniche, this hotel offers spacious rooms, a rooftop pool, several dining options, and easy access to all Alexandria, Egypt attractions.

  • Steigenberger Cecil Hotel

Situated in the heart of the city, close to the historical sites in Alexandria, Egypt, this historic hotel offers well-appointed rooms, a rooftop terrace, and a restaurant with panoramic views of the city.

Mid-Range Hotels (4-stars)

  • Mediterranean Azur Hotel

This beachfront hotel provides comfortable rooms, an outdoor pool, a fitness center, and a variety of dining options.

  • Paradise Inn Beach Resort

Located in the Montaza area, this hotel offers a private beach, outdoor pools, and multiple dining venues.

  • Aifu Resort

Situated in the Sidi Abdel Rahman area, this resort features modern rooms, a large swimming pool, a spa, and direct access to the beach.

Budget Hotels (3-stars)

  • Amoun Hotel Alexandria

This hotel offers affordable accommodation with clean and comfortable rooms, a rooftop terrace, and a restaurant.

  • Semiramis Hotel Alexandria

Located in the city center near the tourist sites in Alexandria, Egypt, this hotel provides budget-friendly rooms, a rooftop terrace, and a restaurant.

  • Kaoud Sporting Hotel

Situated near the Sporting Club, this hotel offers simple rooms, a restaurant, and easy access to the beach.

Airbnbs
Airbnb offers a wide range of options in Alexandria, including apartments, villas, and private rooms. The availability and prices vary, so it's best to check the Airbnb website or app for the most up-to-date listings that suit your preferences when deciding what to see in Alexandria, Egypt.
 
Please note that the availability and prices of accommodation options may vary depending on the season and other factors. It's advisable to book in advance and read reviews before making your final decision.

Steigenberger Cecil Hotel at Alexandria

Your Alexandria Adventure Awaits

The ancient city of Alexandria in Egypt is a wonderfully diverse city that is a must visit on any trip to Egypt. There are so many things to do in Alexandria that your days will be filled visiting the historical sites in Alexandria, Egypt, along with viewing the modern architecture, and sampling the culinary delights on offer. On our luxury Egypt tours, we offer a Nile cruise followed by an Alexandria sightseeing tour. Giving you a thorough introduction to this beautiful country. Visit the royal palaces and see the decadence, then take a trip to the Alexandria souk to purchase souvenirs and take in the culture. Book today to experience the ancient city of Alexandria with your own eyes.

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